Improving The System

In CACs, “trafficking” and the “Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children” (CSEC) are often used interchangeably to mean “the sale of children for sex.” However, CSEC can also refer to a host of other crimes:

  • Commercial production of child pornography
  • Sharing videos of children engaged in sexual activity in exchange for anything of value
  • Engaging in sexual activity with a child in return for anything of value (shelter, drugs, gifts, etc.)
  • Commercial child sex tourism or the performance of children in sexual venues
  • Internet-based marriage brokering or early marriage (under certain conditions)

It is important to recognize the differences among each type of CSEC—it has crucial implications for the CAC response. The general term “trafficking” does not accurately describe all types of exploitation. currently offers resources for CACs to improve their systemic response to victims of both trafficking and child pornography (also called “abusive images”).














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